||This paper presents a new method of measuring physical texture distortions (PhTD) to evaluate the performance of high denition (HD) camcorders w.r.t. motion and lossy compression. It is extended to measure perceptual texture distortions (PeTD) by taking into account the spatio-velocity contrast sensitivity function of the human
visual system. The PhTD gives an objective (physical) distortion of texture structures, while the PeTD measures the perceptual distortion of textures. The dead leaves chart, invariant to scaling, translation, rotation, and contrast, was selected as a target texture. The PhTD/PeTD metrics of the target distorted by camcorders were
measured based on a bank of Gabor filters with eight orientations and three scales. Experimental results for six HD camcorders from three vendors showed: 1) the PhTD value increases monotonically w.r.t. the motion speed, and decreases monotonically w.r.t. the lossy compression bitrate; 2) the PeTD value decreases monotonically w.r.t. the motion speed, but stays almost constant w.r.t. the lossy compression bitrate. The experiment gives a reasonable result even if the distortions are not radially symmetric. However, some subjective tests should be
done in future work to validate the performance of the perceptual texture distortion metric.